The Golden Retriever was bred in Scotland by Lord Tweedmouth where a yellow Wavy-Coated Retriever, a descendant of the small Newfoundland and the earlier Labrador breeds used by fisherman was mated with a Tweed Water Spaniel, a popular liver-colored retriever with tightly curled coat. Subsequent judicious crosses were made with other Black Retrievers, Tweed Spaniels, setters, and even a Bloodhound.
Lord Tweedmouth bred the Golden Retriever as a hunting dog and so movement, hunting and retrieving were paramount. Thus the breed standard requires a dog to be balanced, strong, quick and agile. Outline, carriage, and attitude are also important. They are eminently trainable, loyal, and gentle and make great companions.